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Flood Safety Measures: A Comprehensive Guide

Flood Safety Measures: A Comprehensive Guide 1247 799 D. I. Khan New City

Living in a flood-prone area comes with its own set of challenges, especially during the rainy season when severe downpours are a common occurrence. With the risk of property inundation looming large, being well-prepared with flood safety measures becomes imperative. In this guide, Graana.com—Pakistan’s smartest property portal—will walk you through essential steps to take before, during, and after a flood to mitigate risks and ensure safety.

Understanding Floods and Their Causes

Floods, characterized by excessive overflow of water, pose a significant threat to life and property. Whether triggered by heavy rainfalls, bursting dams, or storm surges from tropical storms, floods can result in devastating consequences. Understanding why floods occur is crucial to implementing effective safety measures.

Why Preparation Matters

Floods are a common hazard in many regions, particularly in underdeveloped countries lacking proper water storage and disposal systems. Relying solely on geographic location is risky, as floods can develop slowly or strike suddenly with flash floods. Preparation is key to minimizing the impact of floods and safeguarding lives and property.

Tips for Flood Safety During Rainstorms

To navigate through rainstorms and floods safely, it’s essential to be well-prepared. Divided into three sections, this guide provides practical pointers and post-flood survival advice to help you protect yourself and your property.

Before the Flood: Preparing Yourself

Preparation begins long before a flood is predicted. Taking proactive steps such as avoiding flood-prone areas, elevating electrical and gas points, and purchasing flood insurance can significantly mitigate risks. Building barriers and increasing drainage can further enhance your home’s resilience against floods.

During the Flood: Emergency Safety Plan

In the event of an imminent flood, having an emergency safety plan can be a lifesaver. Prepare an emergency pack with essentials, keep electrically powered items charged, and take measures to stop water at the source. Moving valuables to higher floors, turning off gas and electricity, and using emergency lights responsibly are crucial steps to take during a flood.

After the Flood: Recovery Process

Once the floodwaters recede, the recovery process begins. Take precautions such as identifying the source of water entry, listening to authorities’ instructions, and avoiding contact with floodwaters to prevent contamination. Wear protective gear, use dehumidifiers to remove excess moisture, and document flood damage for insurance claims.

By following these flood safety measures and being prepared for any eventuality, you can mitigate risks and ensure the safety and well-being of yourself and your loved ones in the face of a flood. Remember, proactive preparation is key to effectively handling flood-related emergencies and minimizing their impact.

Understanding the Causes of Floods in Pakistan: An Analysis

Understanding the Causes of Floods in Pakistan: An Analysis

Understanding the Causes of Floods in Pakistan: An Analysis 2560 1707 D. I. Khan New City

Floods in Pakistan have caused significant destruction, claiming lives and damaging infrastructure across the country. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reports that since mid-June 2022, floods have resulted in 937 deaths. The recent monsoon rains have been particularly devastating, impacting regions like Sindh, South Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Balochistan, and leaving approximately 50,000 people homeless.


The monsoon rains in August 2022 were especially severe, with rainfall reaching 166.8 mm compared to the usual 48 mm during the same period last year. This marks a 241% increase in average rainfall. Notably, Sindh and Balochistan experienced rainfall increases of 784% and 496% respectively, causing widespread destruction and leaving around 30 million people without shelter.

Causes of Floods in Pakistan

1. Heavy Rainfalls:

The main cause of flooding is heavy rainfalls during the monsoon season, which increase water levels in the Indus River and its tributaries such as Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej Rivers. The monsoon spells this year has been unprecedented, with a significant impact on southern Pakistan.

2. Deforestation:

Deforestation has led to an increase in the intensity of rainfalls. According to Global Forest Watch, Pakistan lost approximately 63.2 hectares of forest cover in 2021, contributing to climate change and higher temperatures.

3. Lack of Dam Construction:

No more dam in Pakistan have been constructed in the past few years, Insufficient dam construction exacerbates the effects of flooding. Current projects such as the Mohmand and Diamer Bhasha dams are underway, but additional water reservoirs are needed to handle extreme weather conditions. Moreover, apart from these two dams, more dams are under construction in Pakistan.

Data on Heaviest Rainfalls

A record of heaviest rainfalls in Pakistan from 1931 to 2020 shows that extreme rainfalls have become increasingly common. For instance, on August 11, 2011, Tando Ghulam Ali in Sindh recorded 350 mm of rainfall in a single day. Other cities across Pakistan have also experienced significant rainfall.

Date Rainfall (mm) City Province
11 August 2011 350 Tando Ghulam Ali Sindh
23 July 2001 335 Rawalpindi (Shamsabad) Punjab
10 September 2012 305 Jacobabad Sindh
5 September 2014 300 Lahore Punjab
5 September 2014 296 Jhelum Punjab
5 September 2014 297 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory
10 August 2011 291 Mithi Sindh
29 July 2010 280 Risalpur Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
7 August 1953 278.1 Karachi (Manora) Sindh
29 July 2010 274 Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
5 September 1961 264.2 Faisalabad Punjab
30 July 2010 257 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory
29 July 2010 257 Cherat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
2 July 1972 256.5 Nawabshah Sindh
10 September 1992 255 Murree Punjab
5 September 2014 251 Mangla Punjab
5 September 2014 251 Sialkot Punjab
12 September 1962 250.7 Hyderabad Sindh
18 July 2009 205 Karachi (Masroor) Sindh
5 September 2014 243 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory
2 September 2020 240 Bahawalnagar Punjab
26 August 2011 240 Kohat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
31 August 2011 238 Padidan Sindh
5 September 2014 234 Rawalakot Azad Kashmir
27 August 1997 233.8 Murree Punjab
29 July 2010 233 Kohat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
30 July 2010 231 Murree Punjab
6 June 2010 227 Gwadar BalochistanBalouchistan
7 September 2011 225 Mithi Sindh
13 August 2008 221 Lahore Punjab
20 July 2013 217 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory
1 August 1976 211 Lahore Punjab
8 July 2003 209 Larkana Sindh
10 September 1992 208 Muzaffarabad Azad Kashmir
1 July 1977 207.6 Karachi Sindh
29 July 2007 205 Sargodha Punjab
4 August 2010 202 Dera Ismail Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
11 August 2011 200 Tando Mohammad Khan Sindh
11 August 2011 200 Tando Ghulam Haider Sindh
24 July 2001 200 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory
27 August 1997 200 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory


While monsoon rains are a major cause of floods, there are other natural and human-made factors that contribute to the severity of the situation. The government must take proactive measures such as building more dams and addressing climate change issues to mitigate the impact of future floods. In the long run, comprehensive flood safety measures and environmental management strategies are essential to protect communities and prevent further losses.

Government Increases Petrol Price by Rs. 4.53, New Rate at Rs. 293.94 Per Liter

Government Increases Petrol Price by Rs. 4.53, New Rate at Rs. 293.94 Per Liter

Government Increases Petrol Price by Rs. 4.53, New Rate at Rs. 293.94 Per Liter 1500 1000 D. I. Khan New City

In a recent announcement on Monday, the federal government increased petrol prices by Rs. 4.53, setting the new rate at Rs. 293.94 per liter. Additionally, the price of high-speed diesel (HSD) saw an increase of Rs. 8.14 per liter, raising its cost to Rs. 290.38 per liter.

The updated prices will come into effect starting April 16, 2024. These price adjustments have raised concerns among consumers and businesses alike, as higher fuel costs can have widespread implications on transportation expenses and the overall economy.

Recent Price Adjustments

In the previous round of price adjustments, the government raised petrol prices by Rs. 9.66 per liter while simultaneously reducing the cost of diesel by Rs. 3.32 per liter.

Impact on Consumers and Economy

The increase in fuel prices will likely affect individuals and businesses that rely on petrol and diesel for their vehicles and operations. The rise in transportation costs could potentially lead to higher prices for goods and services across various industries. As a result, many consumers may need to reassess their budgets to accommodate these new fuel rates.

Future Considerations

As the government continues to adjust fuel prices, consumers and businesses alike should remain aware of potential fluctuations in costs. Keeping an eye on these changes can help individuals and companies plan for potential impacts on their budgets and operations.


The latest increase in fuel prices reflects the complex dynamics of the global oil market and its impact on local economies. While price adjustments may be necessary due to external factors, consumers and businesses must prepare for the potential ripple effects on their daily lives.


Stay tuned for further updates on fuel prices and how they may affect the local economy and your budget.

Turkey denies US airspace access for potential Iran action.

Turkey denies US airspace access for potential Iran action.

Turkey denies US airspace access for potential Iran action. 2560 1707 D. I. Khan New City

In a noteworthy diplomatic shift, Turkey has decided to deny the United States access to its airspace for military operations against Iran. This decision not only underscores Turkey’s pursuit of an independent and sovereign foreign policy, but also has broader implications for regional stability and global geopolitics.

An Independent Foreign Policy

Turkey’s decision highlights its commitment to autonomy in shaping its foreign policy, free from the influence of larger global powers. By taking this stance, Turkey is asserting its right to make decisions that align with its national interests and regional goals.

Promoting Regional Stability

By refusing the US request for airspace access, Turkey aims to prevent further escalation of tensions in the Middle East, especially concerning Iran. This decision can be seen as an effort to serve as a mediator and stabilizing force in the region, advocating for peace and dialogue over conflict.

Strategic Geopolitical Position

Turkey’s move underscores its strategic importance as a key player in the Middle East. As a NATO member and a bridge between Europe and Asia, Turkey’s actions carry significant weight and have the potential to influence the trajectory of regional events.

Evolving Relationships

Turkey’s decision reflects its evolving relationship with both the United States and Iran. While maintaining its strong ties with the US through NATO and other alliances, Turkey also seeks to build constructive relations with its neighbors, including Iran.

A Message of Balance and Diplomacy

By denying airspace access for US operations against Iran, Turkey is sending a nuanced message about its approach to regional diplomacy. It demonstrates Turkey’s commitment to engaging with all parties in a balanced and measured manner.


Turkey’s decision to deny the US access to its airspace is a multifaceted diplomatic move that signals its pursuit of an independent foreign policy, commitment to regional stability, and strategic influence in the Middle East. This move showcases Turkey’s efforts to navigate complex geopolitical challenges while safeguarding its own interests and promoting peace and dialogue in the region.

Solar Panel Prices Hit Record Lows, expected to decrease further

Solar Panel Prices Hit Record Lows, expected to decrease further

Solar Panel Prices Hit Record Lows, expected to decrease further 1920 1285 D. I. Khan New City

In recent news, solar panel prices have plummeted to unprecedented lows, with further decreases expected in the near future. As reported by global media outlets, countries like Europe are witnessing a surge in repurposing solar panels for innovative uses, such as garden fences in the Netherlands and Germany.


Photos circulating on social media platforms showcase this growing trend, highlighting the shift towards utilizing solar panels in unconventional ways due to the exorbitant costs associated with traditional rooftop installations. The decrease in prices can be attributed to the surge in production by Chinese companies, flooding the global market and making it difficult for US and European manufacturers to compete.


The International Energy Agency forecasts a tripling of global solar panel supply by the end of the year, outpacing current demand. Prices on the spot market have already halved in 2023 and are projected to drop by an additional 40 percent by 2028.


Even in Pakistan, solar panel prices have seen a significant decline, making solar power more accessible to the masses. With prices for solar power-generating panels as low as Rs 200,000 for systems ranging from seven to 15 kilowatts, the market is witnessing a notable shift towards renewable energy sources.


As the world moves towards a greener future, the decreasing cost of solar panels opens up new opportunities for sustainable energy solutions. With further price reductions anticipated, the future of solar energy looks brighter than ever.

Ruet-e-Hilal Committee Meeting Convened for Eid-ul-Fitr Moon Sighting

Ruet-e-Hilal Committee Meeting Convened for Eid-ul-Fitr Moon Sighting

Ruet-e-Hilal Committee Meeting Convened for Eid-ul-Fitr Moon Sighting 2300 1598 D. I. Khan New City

As the holy month of Ramadan draws to a close, Muslims around the world eagerly anticipate the arrival of Eid-ul-Fitr, a joyous occasion marking the end of fasting and spiritual reflection. In preparation for this auspicious event, the central Ruet-e-Hilal Committee has announced the convening of a crucial meeting on April 9 in Islamabad to sight the crescent moon.

Led by Chairman Maulana Abdul Khabir Azad, the Ruet-e-Hilal Committee plays a vital role in determining the date of Eid-ul-Fitr based on the sighting of the moon. Maulana Abdul Khabir Azad has reaffirmed the committee’s commitment to ensuring that Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated on the same day across the country.

In an exclusive interview, Maulana Abdul Khabir Azad emphasized the importance of testimonies in determining the date of Eid-ul-Fitr. He stated that the committee will carefully consider all testimonies and sightings before making an official announcement.

The sighting of the crescent moon holds significant spiritual and cultural importance for Muslims worldwide. It marks the beginning of Shawwal, the month following Ramadan, and heralds a time of celebration, feasting, and communal prayers.

The decision of the Ruet-e-Hilal Committee regarding the sighting of the moon is eagerly awaited by Muslims across Pakistan. It serves as a unifying factor, bringing together communities in the celebration of Eid-ul-Fitr, regardless of geographical location or cultural differences.

As we approach the blessed occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr, let us pray for unity, peace, and prosperity for all humanity. May this joyous festival be a source of happiness and blessings for Muslims around the world.

Stay tuned for updates on the official announcement of Eid-ul-Fitr from the Ruet-e-Hilal Committee, and may this Eid bring joy and fulfillment to you and your loved ones.

Eid ul Fitr Holidays in Pakistan 2024

Eid ul Fitr Holidays in Pakistan 2024: What to Expect

Eid ul Fitr Holidays in Pakistan 2024: What to Expect 1023 641 D. I. Khan New City

Excitement fills the air as Pakistan prepares for Eid ul Fitr, the joyous festival marking the end of Ramadan. While the official holiday schedule hasn’t been finalized, reports suggest a potential six holidays for Pakistanis to celebrate.

Traditionally, Eid ul Fitr signifies the culmination of Ramadan, a month of spiritual reflection and fasting. This year, the festival is expected to fall around April 10th, based on the Lunar calendar introduced by the former Science and Technology Minister, Fawad Chaudhary, in 2019. According to this calendar, Ramadan will likely consist of 29 days, with Eid ul Fitr celebrations commencing on April 10th.

Preparations for Eid festivities often begin a day in advance, with families and communities coming together for decorations, traditional rituals, and culinary preparations. If the government announces a four-day holiday period from Tuesday, April 9th to Friday, April 12th, combined with the existing weekend holidays, Pakistanis would enjoy a generous six-day break to celebrate.

However, the final decision on the official holiday schedule rests upon consultations with the Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) and other relevant authorities. The Cabinet Division’s preliminary holiday list suggests a tentative three-day Eid ul Fitr holiday period from April 10th to 12th. This, however, could change based on the official moon sighting.

As anticipation grows and preparations commence, all eyes are on the official announcements regarding the Eid ul Fitr 2024 holiday schedule and festivities. Stay tuned for updates, and get ready to celebrate this special occasion with loved ones!

23rd March, Pakistan Resolution Day

23rd March, Pakistan Resolution Day Celebration in Pakistan

23rd March, Pakistan Resolution Day Celebration in Pakistan 966 649 D. I. Khan New City

Pakistan Day holds significant historical importance in the heart of every Pakistani, marking the momentous occasion when the Lahore Resolution, also known as the “Pakistan Resolution Day” was passed on March 23. This resolution laid the foundation for the creation of Pakistan, which eventually came into existence on August 14, 1947.

Observing Pakistan Day

The day commences with prayers for solidarity and progress across the nation. As the sun rises, Pakistan’s national flag adorns public and governmental buildings, while the air resonates with the thunderous echoes of a 31-gun salute in Islamabad and a 21-gun salute in provincial capitals. A poignant change of guard ceremony takes place at the mausoleums of Muhammad Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, paying tribute to their pivotal roles in Pakistan’s journey to independence.

A highlight of the celebrations is the grand parade at Constitution Avenue in Islamabad, showcasing the nation’s military prowess and cultural heritage. The president presides over an award ceremony, honoring individuals for their outstanding contributions to Pakistan.

Throughout the day, festivals, parties, and national songs reverberate the spirit of patriotism, fostering a sense of unity among the populace. Radio and television broadcasts feature special programs, while families and friends gather to commemorate the day together. Special prayers are offered for peace and prosperity, underscoring the nation’s aspirations for a brighter future.

23rd March, Pakistan Resolution Day Celebration in Pakistan

Historical Context

The struggle for independence traces its roots back to the uprising of 1857, which morphed into a formidable freedom movement against British colonial rule. Visionary leaders like Sir Syed Ahmed Khan laid the groundwork for the political empowerment of Muslims, culminating in the articulation of the Two-Nation Theory by Muhammad Iqbal.

The Two-Nation Theory underscored the divergent identities of Hindus and Muslims, advocating for a separate homeland to safeguard the rights and interests of the Muslim populace. This vision crystallized during the historic Muslim League session in 1940, where the Lahore Resolution cemented the demand for an autonomous Muslim state.


Minar-e-Pakistan, standing tall in Iqbal Park, Lahore, serves as a poignant symbol of Pakistan’s resilience and independence. Built at the site where the Lahore Resolution was passed, this majestic minaret evokes the spirit of freedom and the aspirations of a nation.

As we commemorate Pakistan Day, let us reaffirm our commitment to the ideals of unity, faith, and discipline envisioned by our founding fathers. Together, let us strive towards a future imbued with peace, progress, and prosperity for all Pakistanis.

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