Floods in Pakistan

flood safety measure

Flood Safety Measures: A Comprehensive Guide

Flood Safety Measures: A Comprehensive Guide 1247 799 D. I. Khan New City

Living in a flood-prone area comes with its own set of challenges, especially during the rainy season when severe downpours are a common occurrence. With the risk of property inundation looming large, being well-prepared with flood safety measures becomes imperative. In this guide, Graana.com—Pakistan’s smartest property portal—will walk you through essential steps to take before, during, and after a flood to mitigate risks and ensure safety.

Understanding Floods and Their Causes

Floods, characterized by excessive overflow of water, pose a significant threat to life and property. Whether triggered by heavy rainfalls, bursting dams, or storm surges from tropical storms, floods can result in devastating consequences. Understanding why floods occur is crucial to implementing effective safety measures.

Why Preparation Matters

Floods are a common hazard in many regions, particularly in underdeveloped countries lacking proper water storage and disposal systems. Relying solely on geographic location is risky, as floods can develop slowly or strike suddenly with flash floods. Preparation is key to minimizing the impact of floods and safeguarding lives and property.

Tips for Flood Safety During Rainstorms

To navigate through rainstorms and floods safely, it’s essential to be well-prepared. Divided into three sections, this guide provides practical pointers and post-flood survival advice to help you protect yourself and your property.

Before the Flood: Preparing Yourself

Preparation begins long before a flood is predicted. Taking proactive steps such as avoiding flood-prone areas, elevating electrical and gas points, and purchasing flood insurance can significantly mitigate risks. Building barriers and increasing drainage can further enhance your home’s resilience against floods.

During the Flood: Emergency Safety Plan

In the event of an imminent flood, having an emergency safety plan can be a lifesaver. Prepare an emergency pack with essentials, keep electrically powered items charged, and take measures to stop water at the source. Moving valuables to higher floors, turning off gas and electricity, and using emergency lights responsibly are crucial steps to take during a flood.

After the Flood: Recovery Process

Once the floodwaters recede, the recovery process begins. Take precautions such as identifying the source of water entry, listening to authorities’ instructions, and avoiding contact with floodwaters to prevent contamination. Wear protective gear, use dehumidifiers to remove excess moisture, and document flood damage for insurance claims.

By following these flood safety measures and being prepared for any eventuality, you can mitigate risks and ensure the safety and well-being of yourself and your loved ones in the face of a flood. Remember, proactive preparation is key to effectively handling flood-related emergencies and minimizing their impact.

Understanding the Causes of Floods in Pakistan: An Analysis

Understanding the Causes of Floods in Pakistan: An Analysis

Understanding the Causes of Floods in Pakistan: An Analysis 2560 1707 D. I. Khan New City

Floods in Pakistan have caused significant destruction, claiming lives and damaging infrastructure across the country. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reports that since mid-June 2022, floods have resulted in 937 deaths. The recent monsoon rains have been particularly devastating, impacting regions like Sindh, South Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Balochistan, and leaving approximately 50,000 people homeless.


The monsoon rains in August 2022 were especially severe, with rainfall reaching 166.8 mm compared to the usual 48 mm during the same period last year. This marks a 241% increase in average rainfall. Notably, Sindh and Balochistan experienced rainfall increases of 784% and 496% respectively, causing widespread destruction and leaving around 30 million people without shelter.

Causes of Floods in Pakistan

1. Heavy Rainfalls:

The main cause of flooding is heavy rainfalls during the monsoon season, which increase water levels in the Indus River and its tributaries such as Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej Rivers. The monsoon spells this year has been unprecedented, with a significant impact on southern Pakistan.

2. Deforestation:

Deforestation has led to an increase in the intensity of rainfalls. According to Global Forest Watch, Pakistan lost approximately 63.2 hectares of forest cover in 2021, contributing to climate change and higher temperatures.

3. Lack of Dam Construction:

No more dam in Pakistan have been constructed in the past few years, Insufficient dam construction exacerbates the effects of flooding. Current projects such as the Mohmand and Diamer Bhasha dams are underway, but additional water reservoirs are needed to handle extreme weather conditions. Moreover, apart from these two dams, more dams are under construction in Pakistan.

Data on Heaviest Rainfalls

A record of heaviest rainfalls in Pakistan from 1931 to 2020 shows that extreme rainfalls have become increasingly common. For instance, on August 11, 2011, Tando Ghulam Ali in Sindh recorded 350 mm of rainfall in a single day. Other cities across Pakistan have also experienced significant rainfall.

Date Rainfall (mm) City Province
11 August 2011 350 Tando Ghulam Ali Sindh
23 July 2001 335 Rawalpindi (Shamsabad) Punjab
10 September 2012 305 Jacobabad Sindh
5 September 2014 300 Lahore Punjab
5 September 2014 296 Jhelum Punjab
5 September 2014 297 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory
10 August 2011 291 Mithi Sindh
29 July 2010 280 Risalpur Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
7 August 1953 278.1 Karachi (Manora) Sindh
29 July 2010 274 Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
5 September 1961 264.2 Faisalabad Punjab
30 July 2010 257 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory
29 July 2010 257 Cherat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
2 July 1972 256.5 Nawabshah Sindh
10 September 1992 255 Murree Punjab
5 September 2014 251 Mangla Punjab
5 September 2014 251 Sialkot Punjab
12 September 1962 250.7 Hyderabad Sindh
18 July 2009 205 Karachi (Masroor) Sindh
5 September 2014 243 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory
2 September 2020 240 Bahawalnagar Punjab
26 August 2011 240 Kohat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
31 August 2011 238 Padidan Sindh
5 September 2014 234 Rawalakot Azad Kashmir
27 August 1997 233.8 Murree Punjab
29 July 2010 233 Kohat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
30 July 2010 231 Murree Punjab
6 June 2010 227 Gwadar BalochistanBalouchistan
7 September 2011 225 Mithi Sindh
13 August 2008 221 Lahore Punjab
20 July 2013 217 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory
1 August 1976 211 Lahore Punjab
8 July 2003 209 Larkana Sindh
10 September 1992 208 Muzaffarabad Azad Kashmir
1 July 1977 207.6 Karachi Sindh
29 July 2007 205 Sargodha Punjab
4 August 2010 202 Dera Ismail Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
11 August 2011 200 Tando Mohammad Khan Sindh
11 August 2011 200 Tando Ghulam Haider Sindh
24 July 2001 200 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory
27 August 1997 200 Islamabad Islamabad Capital Territory


While monsoon rains are a major cause of floods, there are other natural and human-made factors that contribute to the severity of the situation. The government must take proactive measures such as building more dams and addressing climate change issues to mitigate the impact of future floods. In the long run, comprehensive flood safety measures and environmental management strategies are essential to protect communities and prevent further losses.